Diabetes is a disease that occurs when our blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. When we eat, our body will turn the food into glucose. This glucose is the main source of energy for our body. Insulin is a hormone that is made by pancreas, which facilitates glucose from our food to get into our cells and give cells energy.
However patients with diabetes, this system does not work well. Their body does not make enough insulin, glucose could not be utilised by the cell and this causing glucose to stay in the blood. Over time, having too much glucose in the blood can cause various health problems. The most common types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune condition in which the immune system mistakenly sees the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as foreign and destroys them. This causes the body not to make insulin. Without insulin, the body cells cannot turn glucose into energy. Patients with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin injection every day throughout the lives replace the insulin that cannot be produced by their body. Type 1 diabetes is a more severe form of diabetes, which is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. It is also known as ‘juvenile’ diabetes because it is usually develops in children and teenagers.
Type 2 diabetes
The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin. Typically, type 2 diabetes is characterized by adult that have obesity, inactive lifestyle and unhealthy diet. All these factors are associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes also has strong genetic and family related risk factors. Symptoms usually appear gradually and start after the age of 30. Type 2 diabetes can be treated by proper diet and physical exercises but most people will gradually need medication to treat it.
Common early symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
The early symptoms of type 1 diabetes generally happen quite rapidly, often over a few weeks. However, the early symptoms of type 2 diabetes come gradually and some people do not have any symptoms at all. If these early symptoms are being ignored, it can affect many major organs, such as your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and nerves. There common reasons why thousands of patients are being struck by heart attacks, strokes and kidney disease is because they were diagnosed with the underlying condition too late. Worse are late stage patients who suffered in blindness, kidney failure, the need for amputations and the onset of fatal diseases such as cardiovascular disease.