A person with normal, healthy skin has epidermis layer that is composed of lipids, fatty substances and protein. Epidermis is coated with natural lipids which can help to skin dehydration by keeping moisture in skin, leaving the skin soft and supple.
However, if the layers of oils are being removed from the skin, there will be no protection to the skin and moisture can be loss easily. Skins lack moisture, it will become more sensitive and rashes will form, thus leads to skin breakdown.
Dry skin can be caused by several factors such as misused moisturiser, prolonged exposure to harsh surrounding environment. The most common factor that causes dry skin problem is application of harsh cleansers frequently. Some cleansers are emulsifier that strips away skin’s protective oils and moisture from the skins, it is even worse when cleansers contain of chemical compound that makes up fragrances.
Weather can affect skin dryness especially for people who live in cold climates country as they need central heating to warm themselves which causes the moisture in the air being removed too. Swimmers who spend a lot time in the pool will have higher risk for dry skin due to the chlorine in the pool that can damage and remove the thin layer of lipids on skin which acts as the skin protective barrier. Besides, elderly people are much more likely to have dry skin because their skin tends to produce lower amount of natural skin oils and lubricants.
To prevent dry skin problem, always choose cleanser wisely to avoid removal of natural oils away from the skin. Gentle cream or milk cleansers are more preferable because they can clean the skin and same time moisture the skin. Cleanser that consists of glycerine or hyaluronic acid is perfect for hydrating skin. Prevent from using heavily-fragranced cleansers as the chemical compounds that make up fragrances cause dryness worse.
According to dermatologist, waterproof sunscreen is recommended to be applied before entering the pool to prevent damage to skin. Shower after swimming to rinse off the chlorine with water and mild soap. Then, apply lotion or oil on the skin to hydrate and moisturize the skin.
In order to replace the missing moisture in the air, place a humidifier in the room. Avoid taking shower with high temperature and limit the time for showering because hot water is also a major factor causing skin dryness.
Besides moisturising from the outside, hydrating from the inside is important too. There are studies to prove that by drinking at least 2000ml of water a day can improve the condition of dry skin. Water keeps skin nourished and hydrated. Fresh fruits and vegetables will provides vitamins and nutrients to the body to stay healthy and hydrated too.
Supplements like fish oil or vitamin E is great for dry skin which helps to repair and protect skin. Avoid consuming fried and salty food because it will dehydrate and exacerbate dry skin problems.